Mdeicinal plant is a dioecious plant, meaning it can be male or female, and the male and female reproductive organs appear on different plants. What’s in your stash jar now are the flowers of a female marijuana plant.
Female plants produce the resin-secreting flower that is trimmed down into the buds you smoke, and males produce pollen sacs near the base of the leaves. Male plants pollinate females to initiate seed production, but the buds we consume come from seedless female plants—these are called “sinsemilla,” meaning “seedless.”
Female medicinal plants receive pollen from males to produce seeds, which will carry on the genetics of both plants to the next generation.
However, medicinal is primarily cultivated for buds, not seeds, so the practice of growing sinsemilla, or “seedless” medicinal, is prevalent today: Females and males are grown separately, or males are even discarded, to prevent pollination. This allows female plants to focus their energies on bud production instead of seed production. Males and females are usually only pollinated when crossbreeding plants or creating new strains.
Male medicinal plants grow pollen sacs instead of buds. Male plants are usually discarded because you don’t want them to pollinate the females, which will produce seeds—no one wants to smoke buds with seeds in it.
Males are important in the breeding process, but that is generally best left to expert breeders. When pollinating females, males provide half of the genetic makeup inherited by seeds.
Because of this, it’s important to look into the genetics of the male plants. Their shape, rate of growth, pest and mold resistance, and climate resilience can all be passed on to increase the quality of future generations.
Male plants can also be used for:
medicinal plant fiber—males produce a softer material, while females produce a coarser, stronger fiber. The soft fiber from males is more desirable for products like clothing, tablecloths, and other household items.
Concentrate production—males do have some THC and can be psychoactive, but much less so than females. Small amounts of binoids can be found in the leaves, stems, and sacs, which can be extracted to produce hash and other oils.
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